Diamonds are one of the most universal gemstones; pairing easily with a variety of other stones and metals. A beautiful diamond, large or small, is treasured by its owner and often passed on to generations to come.
Purchasing a diamond can be an overwhelming experience. Diamonds vary, with 4 different factors primarily determining price. These 4 measures, called the 4C’s, grade and classify diamonds.
Using the grading system it is absolutely possible for any budget to purchase a lovely stone to treasure.
The 4C’s of Diamonds – How to Choose the Perfect Diamond
Prior to going to the jewelry, familiarize yourself with the 4C’s — clarity, cut, color, and carats.
Almost all diamond have imperfections called inclusions. Clarity measures the number and size of the imperfections in each stone. These imperfections are not visible without a microscope.
The clarity scale ranges from flawless (FL) to flaws that may be more visible (I3).
Cut is the most important measure of a diamond. The cut determines the final beauty and brilliance of a stone.
The cut is not the same as the shape of a diamond. For instance, an emerald cut is not a measure of the clarity. Rather the clarity measures how the facets work with light and create brilliance.
Color is considered the second most important quality of a diamond. The measurement ranges from colorless to light yellow or light brown.
Color ratings start with a D (colorless / rare) to Z (noticeable color). A similar rating system measures from 0 (colorless) to 10 (noticeable color).
Fancy diamonds are measured differently than the traditional white diamonds. These include chocolate, black, pink, and bright yellow.
Most people are familiar with carats but do not truly understand what it measures.
Carats measure a diamond’s weight. One carat equals 1/5 of a gram.
A diamond’s value is not determined merely by its weight because the other 3C’s factor into the value of the stone. All 1 carat diamonds are not valued the same because each stone is different in color, clarity, and cut.
Consider all the 4C’s when making a diamond purchase. How to choose the perfect diamond starts with the cut and color followed by clarity and carats.
With the 4C’s in mind any shopper can find the perfect diamond within their budget and cherish it for a lifetime.